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Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2019, Page: 48-52
Prevalence of Noise-induced Hearing Loss in Cotton Ginning Factories in Parakou, North Benin
Hounkpatin Spéro Herménégilde Raoul, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Flatin Marius Claude, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Gounongbé Ahoya Christophe Fabien, Department of Medicine and Medical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Aissi Monelle Benett Ablawa Vanessa, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Bouraima Fatiou Alabi, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Amegan Hamondji Nicolas, Department of Medicine and Medical Specialties, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Wassi Adjibabi, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Received: Nov. 17, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 2, 2019;       Published: Dec. 10, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijo.20190502.14      View  388      Downloads  79
Abstract
This research work aimed to determine the prevalence of noise induced hearing loss by in an industrial area. It is was descriptive cross-sectional study which was carried out from March to May 2014 in three (03) cotton ginning factories located in the city of Parakou. It involved the workers exposed to noise, who had accepted to participate to the survey and in whom an audiometry was performed. One hundred and thirteen workers were selected, including 104 (92%) male and 9 female (8%). Their mean age was 39.3 +/-9.6 years with extremes of 18 and 54 years. During 8 hours a day, 38% of the respondents were exposed to noise levels lower than 80 dB (A), 31% to levels higher or equal to 90 dB (A) and 31% to levels between 80 and 90 dB (A). The average seniority of the workers surveyed was 7 cotton seasons with extremes of one and 31 seasons. No employee had benefitted from medical consultation or audiometry on recruitment or thereafter. And all the employees reported not using any personal protective equipment. The overall prevalence of noise induced hearing loss in the cotton ginning factories in Parakou in 2014 was estimated at 88.5% (100 out of 113 respondents). The average hearing loss (AHL) was 40.8 dB +/- 8.8 dB in the right ear and 28.9 dB +/- 11.8 dB in the left ear. Taking into account only the deafest ear, AHL was light in 44% of cases, moderate in 54% of cases and severe in 2% of cases. There was a statistically significant relationship between the degree of NIHL and seniority in the firm (p=0.012).
Keywords
Occupational Deafness, Noise, Acoustic Trauma, Industrial Environment
To cite this article
Hounkpatin Spéro Herménégilde Raoul, Flatin Marius Claude, Gounongbé Ahoya Christophe Fabien, Aissi Monelle Benett Ablawa Vanessa, Bouraima Fatiou Alabi, Amegan Hamondji Nicolas, Wassi Adjibabi, Prevalence of Noise-induced Hearing Loss in Cotton Ginning Factories in Parakou, North Benin, International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2019, pp. 48-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ijo.20190502.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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